Valtrex is primarily used as an antiviral drug which is also known as valacyclovir. It manages and actively gets rid of different stages of herpes in an individual. It falls in the category of a prodrug, which means that after its consumption it is metabolized into a biologically active drug. It also treats infections with the help of herpes zoster, genital herpes and cold sores. It works by slowing down the growth and spread of this herpes virus in order to help the body fight this infection. It will not cure the herpes condition but effectively prevents it along with lessening the symptoms of this infection.
- Used in the treatment of oral and genital herpes simplex.
- Reduces the transmission of HSV from people who have recurring infection to uninfected individuals.
- In case of shingles or herpes zoster the typical dosage for its treatment involves 1,000mg orally for seven days, three times a day.
- It is also used in the prevention process of cytomegalovirus prior to organ transplantation.
- It is also used in patients undergoing chemotherapy
- It has also shown promising results in the treatment for infectious mononucleosis
Important information about Valtrex:
Before the consumption of Valtrex let your doctor or primary healthcare provider if you are suffering from the following diseases:
- A weak immune system
- Kidney related disease
- Have undergone a bone marrow transplant
- If you have been tested positive for HIV/AIDS
Valtrex has proven to be harmful to the kidneys in specific and all these effects go on increasing when it is paired up with any other medications. If you are taking any other medicines then make sure your doctor knows about it.
Valtrex treatment should be started immediately after the first appearance of the symptoms like, tingling, blisters or burning.
You should stop Valtrex consumption or call your doctor right away if you see some serious signs of the side effects which can harm the red blood cells like: fever, red spots, easy bruising and bleeding, vomiting or weakness and fainting.
The side effects related to Valtrex are somewhat similar to that of acyclovir (zovirax). Which are:
- Abdominal pain
- Sold symptoms
- Increased levels of liver enzymes
- Reduction of white blood cells
- Joint pain
- Arrival of rashes
More serious side effects can potentially harm the central nervous system and is most likely to occur in elderly patients which are:
- Brain disorder (encephalopathy)
- It can be taken with or without food and these dosages need to be decreased in individuals suffering from kidney related diseases.
- In case the patient is undergoing the treatment for herpes zoster, the usual dosage is 1gm, three times a day.
- Valtrex is most effective when the user starts its administration the moment they observe the onset of the very first symptoms or 48 hours after the coming of rashes.
- In case of chickenpox the dosage is of 1,000mg, 3 times a day.
- The dosage for the treatment of cold sores is 2,000mg every 12 hours for just one day.
Probenecid and cimetidine have the tendencies of reducing the kidney’s clearance of Valtrex which leads to a higher concentration in the blood. This condition may also lead to an increase in the side effects of Valtrex.
How does Valtrex work?
- Valtrex works by mimicking one of the building block of a DNA. It effectively stops the spreading of herpes virus in the body by preventing the replication of the viral DNA which is necessary for virus multiplication.
- Valacyclovir is active against the same types of viruses as acyclovir, but it has a linger duration of action.
How should Valtrex be taken?
It advised for you to take Valtrex as prescribed by your primary healthcare provider and follow the directions as per the doctor’s instructions. Do not manipulate the dosage according to your liking since it can prove to be extremely harmful.
infections take longer terms of treatment that other types of herpes
infections. Be sure not to skip or stop the dosage in the middle of the
treatment and carry it on diligently till the end of the term.